What is vasculitis? What are the causes and factors that may increase your chances of infection? Is there a treatment? All the details and information in the following article.
Vasculitis is a disease that may affect the blood vessels in several areas of the body, so let us know more about them as follows:

What is vasculitis?
Vasculitis is a term used to refer to a group of uncommon diseases that may cause disorders of the walls of blood vessels in several parts and regions of the body. This disorder includes such things as:

The walls of the vessels collapsed.
Vascular impairment.
Aneurysm or constriction.
Inflammation and contamination of the blood vessels.
Vasculitis may affect a specific area of ​​the body (such as: the skin, eyes, brain), or it may affect several areas and organs simultaneously.
Types of vasculitis
Vasculitis appears as an inflammation with no specific cause, or secondary vasculitis associated with and caused by certain diseases. Here are some types of vasculitis diseases:

Behçet's disease.
Kawasaki disease.
Burger's disease.
Giant cell arteritis.
Each of the aforementioned diseases affects a different area of ​​the body.

Causes of vasculitis
The disease may appear when the body's immune system begins to attack blood vessels inside the body by mistake. Although the causes of the disease are still unknown, these are some of the things, factors, and diseases that may induce it: Certain types of cancer, such as leukemia.
An allergic reaction to a factor.
Some diseases and problems of the immune system, such as lupus.
Certain infections, such as: hepatitis B, hepatitis C.
Genetics and genetics may also play a role in vasculitis. When the disease affects the body, the amount of oxygen that reaches certain areas of it is significantly reduced due to the narrowing or closing of blood vessels, which may lead to serious complications.

Symptoms of vasculitis
The symptoms shown differ depending on the region whose blood vessels were damaged and the nature of the damage or defect that affected these vessels. These are the symptoms that may appear on the injured:

1- General symptoms
Here is a list of symptoms that may appear in a person with vasculitis in general:

Joint pain.
Weight loss and loss of appetite.
Muscle pain.
Fever and high fever.
General fatigue and weakness.
Numbness and numbness in certain areas of the body.
Headache and pain in the head.
Night sweats.
Redness and rash.
2- Symptoms specific to the type of disease and the area of ​​infection
Symptoms associated with certain types of the disease:

Behçet's disease, such as: ulcers in the mouth, ulcers in the external genital organs, inflammation of the eyes, swelling of the joints, swelling of the extremities, problems in the brain, problems in the digestive system.
Burger's disease, such as: gangrene, pain in the hands and feet due to poor circulation in them, especially when exercising, numbness and numbness.
Giant cell arteritis, such as: headache, shoulders pain, pelvic pain, blurred vision, jaw pain after chewing.
Kawasaki disease, such as: redness of the eyes, gum disease, swelling of the neck glands, rash on the hands and feet.
Diagnosis of vasculitis
The disease is usually diagnosed after performing a series of different tests and performing several procedures. These include the following:

Knowing the patient's full medical record.
Take a biopsy from the affected area for analysis.
Blood tests to determine the levels of white blood cells in the bloodstream.
X-ray imaging.
Magnetic resonance imaging.
Measuring and monitoring blood pressure levels.
Urine analysis and examination.
Examination of the lungs.
Vasculitis treatment
Treatment varies according to the affected area, and according to the type of injury and the presence of any other associated disease. For example:

Vasculitis caused by an allergic reaction does not need treatment, as the symptoms go away with the treatment of allergies and the elimination of their triggers.
It may require surgical intervention if the areas covered by the disease include organs such as: the brain, kidneys or lungs.
There are many options here and medications that can be used, mainly steroids.

Possible complications
If vasculitis is not treated and controlled in a timely manner, this may lead to the following complications:

Complete damage to some parts of the body.
Blood clots or clots in the body.
Various eyes problems, may lead to blindness!

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